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The effects of structured instruction on kindergarten pupils: Final report

Singer, B.
Abstract:
This study compared the effect of four language and reading programs on the academic achievement, IQ, and school adjustment of 303 middle class kindergarten students. Students were randomly assigned to either the DISTAR Language program, the DISTAR Reading program, a programmed reading program, or a traditional kindergarten program, which served as a control. All students were administered the Kuhlamn-Anderson Intelligence Test (KAIT), Stanford Early School Achievement Test (SESAT), and the Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS) for pre- and posttest measures. Follow up testing was administered in the first grade with the KAIT, SESAT, Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT) and the CBRS. Results indicated that students in the three experimental groups recorded higher mean scores on most of the intellectual and achievement measures by the conclusion of kindergarten. Results from the KAIT indicated that students in the DISTAR language group recorded higher IQ scores than students in the control group at a statistically significant level. Results from the WRAT and SESAT indicated that students in the DISTAR Reading group recorded higher scores than students in the control group at a statistically significant level. Reading gains obtained during the intervention remained at the end of the first grade. Additionally, there were statistically significant differences between the experimental groups and the control group in school adjustment at the end of the first grade. (Copyright © 2011, National Institute for Direct Instruction (NIFDI). All rights reserved).
Research areas:
Year:
1973
Main publication type:
Program Effectiveness
Subtype:
Article
Keywords:
DISTAR Reading; DISTAR Language; Kuhlamn-Anderson Intelligence Test; Stanford Early School Achievement Test; Child Behavior Rating Scale; Wide Range Achievement Test
Source:
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Office of Education
Design type:
Pretest Posttest Control Group with Random Assignment Design
Fidelity monitored:
No
Students included:
Kindergarten students, middle class students, Caucasian students
Other tags:
DISTAR Language, Kuhlamn-Anderson Intelligence Test (KAIT), Stanford Early School Achievement Test (SESAT), Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT)
Location/Setting:
East Brunswick, New Jersey, elementary school, suburban community
Note:
ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 087564

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