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Direct Instruction: An effective approach to educational intervention with the disadvantaged and low performers

Becker, W.; Carnine, D.
This article summarizes the findings from a national evaluation of Project Follow Through, specifically examining the Direct Instruction model, which was the most successful model for achieving educational gains. All models are addressed and analyzed in terms of their design and the results they produced during Project Follow Through. The authors discuss the possible reasons for the different outcomes of the various approaches based on their designs. The design of the Direct Instruction is given greater attention and is analyzed in terms of its applicability in effectively teaching all children. In summary of their analysis of the effectiveness of the various models, the authors concluded that the Direct Instruction model was more effective in terms of basic academic goals and affective outcomes. The Direct Instruction model was the only Follow Through model to show substantial positive effects for basic skills. Apart from the data demonstrating the effectiveness of the Direct Instruction model, the authors conclude that money alone cannot teach the needed skills of children, children do not need individualized instruction to succeed, teacher directed learning appears very necessary and important in teaching cognitive and language-related skills, and that the curricula used does make a difference in student success. (Copyright © 2011, National Institute for Direct Instruction (NIFDI). All rights reserved).
Research areas:
Main publication type:
Program Effectiveness
Project Follow Through; instructional design; program design; reading; math; language
Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, Volume 3 (pp. 429-473) New York: Plenum
Design type:
Longitudinal study
Fidelity monitored:
Students included:
African American students, Caucasian students, Hispanic students, Native American students, low-income students, students with learning disabilities
Other tags:
Project Follow Through, program design, instructional design, reading, math, language
Rural schools, urban schools
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