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Implementation Models

DIRECT INSTRUCTION IN PRESCHOOL
The National Institute for Direct Instruction (NIFDI) supports several schools that employ Direct Instruction (DI) in their preschool classrooms. The children usually start a DI language program (Español to English or level K of Reading Mastery Signature Edition Language) after a few weeks of school. Children initially participate in only about 10 minutes of language per day. They start with the action track in language. Once they are accustomed to following directions the first time (about the first 10 lessons), the teacher goes back to lesson 1 and teaches entire lessons, which may take 20 minutes or more. The children may need a break so they are only experiencing DI for 15 minutes at a time. The goal in preschool is for students to complete at least the first 80 lessons of language at mastery by the end of the year. Once children complete lesson 40 in language at mastery in preschool, they can begin reading lessons immediately and not have to wait until they enter kindergarten.

Read more: pdf Using DI in Preschool


EARLY LITERACY MODEL (GRADES K-3)
The early literacy model provides children in the primary grades reading and language instruction that sets the stage for students to be successful in a wide range of academic and personal activities. Language and conceptual skills are fundamental to this model as a precursor to reading success. Reading Mastery is the primary program utilized in this model. The goal of the model is to accelerate student learning by one full grade level ahead of the national average by the third grade for continuing students.


ELEMENTARY REMEDIAL LITERACY MODEL (GRADES 4-5)
Designed for students in the upper elementary grades, the elementary remedial literacy model improves the reading skills of students who have demonstrated needs in writing and decoding or comprehending written texts. Programs include Corrective Reading Decoding and Comprehension tracks, Expressive Writing, and Reading Mastery. The goal of the model is to increase student confidence in reading and writing and provide students with fundamental skills that will allow them to function in middle school content courses.


FULL IMMERSION MODEL (GRADES K-5)
The full immersion model extends the early literacy model to all grades in elementary schools and includes spelling and mathematics. The model builds on the conceptual and literacy success of the primary grades to foster academic acceleration in the intermediate grades. Programs include Reading Mastery, Expressive Writing, Spelling Mastery, and Connecting Math Concepts. The goal of the model is to accelerate student learning one and a half grade levels ahead of the national average by the sixth grade for students who begin the program in Kindergarten. 


MIDDLE SCHOOL REMEDIAL LITERACY AND NUMERACY MODELS (GRADES 6-8)
The middle school remedial literacy model is designed for students in middle school who have demonstrated needs in decoding and comprehending written texts. Programs include Corrective Reading Decoding and Comprehension tracks and Expressive Writing. The goal of the model is to increase student confidence in reading and writing and provide students with fundamental skills that will allow them to function in middle school content courses.

A numeracy version of the model addresses fundamental mathematics skills at the middle school level using Corrective Mathematics, a program available in seven separate modules that address specific mathematics deficits: Addition; Subtraction; Multiplication; Division; Basic Fractions; Fractions, Decimals and Percents; Ratios and Equations. Advanced students will receive instruction in Essentials for Algebra.


RESEARCH STUDY OPTION (ALL SUBJECTS & GRADES)
NIFDI is interested in working with schools and districts that want to participate in a research study related to Direct Instruction. Potential sites are asked to send a letter of interest to NIFDI’s Office of Research that includes:

  • Details of the research question or topic of interest
  • List of the specific programs (by title), levels and grades to be included in the study
  • A timeline for project implementation
  • A description of the experimental and comparison group(s) to be included in the study (other non-DI classrooms in the school, schools with similar demographics, district-wide scores, etc.)
  • Information on the current status of Direct Instruction at your school (used for intervention, as a core, not currently used, etc.)
  • Any additional information that should be considered for participation in the study

In addition to your letter of interest, please complete and submit a folder School Data form outlining the demographics of your site’s demographics.

Mail letter and School Data form to:

National Institute for Direct Instruction
Research Site Proposal Consideration
PO Box 11248
Eugene, OR 97440

Or email to:
research@nifdi.org

It takes several months to determine whether a site is appropriate for a study and to establish procedures. Interested schools or districts should contact NIFDI at least six months before they wish to begin the study.

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